Guizhou UNESCO – UNESCO sites in Guizhou Province
Last Update: 10th November 2019
What are the UNESCO sites in Guizhou?
Guizhou is mainly covered with mountains. Mountains and hills cover around 92.5 % of the area in Guizhou. It is home to 56 nationalities. As at 25th April 2019, there are 4 UNESCO World Natural Heritages and 1 World Cultural Heritage in Guizhou.
- Fanjing Mountain
On July 2, 2019, Fanjing Mountain was declared as the World Natural Heritage. Fanjing Mountain has the most important and most significant diversified biological natural habitats. Rare subtropical ecosystems in the world are well-preserved there. With abundant wildlife resources, it is home to a large number of the ancient rare and precious species dating back to 70 million to 2 million years ago.
- Libo Karst (as part of South China Karst)
The Libo Karst has a special karst forest ecosystem and significant biodiversity. It is home to many endemic and endangered flora and fauna. Covering an area of more than 200 square kilometers, Libo Maolan is the largest karst virgin forest in the world.
Maolan offers countless caves as habitats for animals to live in. Well-preserved forests are also great habitats for wildlife. In addition, Libo Karst area is a settlement for Shui, Yao and Buyi people for hundreds of years.
With an area of more than 1,200 square kilometers, Chishui Danxia has the largest and most grandeur Danxia landform in China. It features numerous species of plants. There are 2,116 species of higher plants alone in the area. It is home to 1,668 wild animals. Chishui Danxia is typical of Danxia landscape in the world, offering the most typical and most beautiful Danxia landscape.
The Danxia landform coexists with large areas of ancient vegetation and 2,359 species of animals and plants, rare and endangered animals and plants, which is the most unique feature of Chishui Danxia. Chishui Danxia area is home to spinulose tree fern as well.
- Shibing Karst (as part of South China Karst)
On June 23, 2014, Shibing Karst was listed in the World Heritage List. It covers an area of 282.95 square kilometers. It is located in Guizhou Yuntai Mountain Scenic Area, Shanmu River Scenic Area and Water Conservation Area of Shanmu River.
Shibing Karst is a typical and complete dolomite karst landform developed on the ancient and relatively insoluble dolomite. Karst cliffs and peaks are the most typical there. Shibing Karst is home to nearly 400 species of rare plants and nearly 100 species of rare animals.
- Hailongtun Castle Site
On July 4, 2015, Hailongtun Castle Site was declared as a World Cultural Heritage by the UNESCO. Originally built in 1257, it is an only combination of large military architecture and palace architecture in Guizhou. The site is located at the eastern foot of Longyan Mountain, 15 kilometers north from the old town of Zunyi. It is also a well-preserved medieval castle ruin in China and even in Asia. Nowadays, the surrounding city wall with a perimeter of some 6 kilometers witnesses the history. The castle covers an area of 1.59 square kilometers. Several shows there are always put on to demonstrate the culture of Hailongtun Castle in the ancient times.